The 5 Steps to Washing Your Hands

The 5 Steps to Washing Your Hands

Maintaining proper hand hygiene is one of the simplest and most effective ways to prevent the spread of germs, bacteria, and viruses. Whether you’re at home, work, or in a public setting, knowing how to wash your hands correctly is crucial for safeguarding your health and that of others. In this blog post, we will outline the five essential steps to washing your hands effectively.


Step 1: Wet your hands

Wet your hands with clean, running water To begin the handwashing process, turn on the faucet and wet your hands thoroughly with clean, running water. Adjust the temperature to a comfortable level—neither too hot nor too cold. Wetting your hands helps to remove dirt and debris, making it easier for the soap to lather and cleanse your skin effectively.

Step 2: Lather (Apply an adequate amount of soap)

Next, apply enough soap to your wet hands. It is crucial to use either liquid soap or bar soap for this purpose. Avoid using antibacterial soap unless directed by a healthcare professional, as regular soap is equally effective at removing most germs. Remember, using an adequate amount of soap ensures thorough coverage of your hands.

Step 3:  Scrub

Rub your palms together vigorously, ensuring the soap covers all surfaces of your hands, including the back of your hands, between your fingers, and under your nails. This friction helps to dislodge and remove dirt, bacteria, and other harmful microorganisms from your skin. Continue rubbing your hands together for at least 20 seconds, which is roughly the time it takes to sing the “Happy Birthday” song twice.

Step 4: Rinse your hands thoroughly

Once you’ve lathered your hands for the recommended duration, hold them under clean, running water to rinse off the soap thoroughly. Ensure that all traces of soap are removed, as any residue left behind may cause irritation or dryness. Proper rinsing also eliminates the loosened germs and dirt from your hands.

Step 5: Dry your hands completely

After rinsing, dry your hands using a clean towel or an air dryer. Pat your hands gently with the towel or let the air dryer do its job. It’s essential to dry your hands thoroughly, as moisture can encourage the growth of bacteria. If you’re using a towel, make sure it is clean, as a damp or dirty towel can reintroduce germs onto your freshly cleaned hands.

Practicing proper hand hygiene by following the correct handwashing technique is a fundamental step in maintaining personal and public health. By adhering to the five essential steps—wetting your hands, applying soap, creating a lather, rinsing thoroughly, and drying completely—you can effectively remove germs, bacteria, and other contaminants from your hands. Remember, handwashing should be performed regularly throughout the day, especially before eating, after using the restroom, and when in contact with potentially harmful surfaces. Make handwashing a habit and encourage others to do the same. Together, we can keep ourselves and our communities safe and healthy.

Print this to remind yourself of the steps: