A Guide to Technology and Screen Time Guidelines for All Ages

A Guide to Technology and Screen Time Guidelines for All Ages

Dr. Kathleen Moore, Pediatric Doctor at LBU


Welcome to the digital jungle, navigating the wild world of screens can sometimes feel like trying to tame a mischievous pack of digital monkeys. Fear not! Our guide is here to help you explore the impact of technology on children's health and development and provide practical advice on managing screen time for different age groups.

Understanding the Impact

Cognitive Development

For Young Children (0-5 years): Limit screen time to 1 hour per day, focusing on high-quality, educational content. Excessive screen exposure at this stage may hinder the development of crucial cognitive skills.

Physical Health

For School-Aged Children (6-12 years): Encourage a maximum of 2 hours of screen time per day. Ensure regular breaks and outdoor activities to prevent sedentary behavior, which is linked to health issues like obesity.

Social and Emotional Well-being

For Teenagers (13-18 years): Define clear guidelines on screen time, considering both educational and recreational activities. Encourage open communication about online experiences and potential challenges to foster healthy social and emotional development.

Practical Tips for Managing Screen Time

Establish Routines

Create a schedule that includes designated screen time for various activities like homework, entertainment, and socializing. Consistent routines can help children and teenagers understand the boundaries of screen use.

Promote Quality Content

Encourage the use of educational and age-appropriate content. Utilize parental controls and content filters to ensure a safe online environment for younger children.

Tech-Free Zones

Designate certain areas of the house, such as bedrooms and dining areas, as tech-free zones. This helps create a balance between screen time and other activities, like family meals and quality sleep.

Lead by Example

Demonstrate healthy screen habits as a parent or guardian. Children often model their behavior based on what they observe, so showcasing a balanced approach to technology is essential.

The Impact on Health and Development

Sleep Disruption

Excessive screen time, particularly before bedtime, can disrupt sleep patterns. Establish a "digital curfew" to ensure a technology-free wind-down period before sleep.

Physical Health Concerns

Prolonged screen use can contribute to issues like eye strain and poor posture. Encourage regular breaks, outdoor activities, and the 20-20-20 rule (looking at something 20 feet away for 20 seconds every 20 minutes) to alleviate strain.

Cyberbullying and Online Safety

Teach children about responsible online behavior, including the importance of kindness and respect. Keep an open line of communication about their online experiences and provide guidance on navigating potential challenges.

In our tech-driven world, managing screen time is a crucial aspect of promoting healthy development and well-being in children and teenagers. By understanding the impact of technology and implementing practical guidelines, we can ensure that screens enrich rather than hinder the physical, cognitive, and emotional growth of the next generation. It's a shared responsibility among parents, educators, and caregivers to guide young minds in navigating the digital landscape responsibly.

Creating a Baby Safety Kit: Essential Items Every Parent Should Have

Creating a Baby Safety Kit: Essential Items Every Parent Should Have

Dr. Mayra Nieves-Rios, Pediatrician at LBU Oak Cliff

While baby-proofing our homes is essential, it is equally important to have a well-equipped baby safety kit on hand. Let’s create a comprehensive baby safety kit that includes essential items every parent should have.

First Aid Supplies

Accidents happen, and it’s crucial to be prepared for any mishaps that might occur. Your baby safety kit should include basic first aid supplies such as:

Baby Medications

It’s advisable to keep a small supply of common baby medications in your safety kit. Always consult your healthcare provider before administering any medications to your baby. Include items such as:

Remember, it’s essential to store medications in their original containers, away from direct sunlight, and out of reach of children.

Emergency Contact Information

In case of an emergency, it’s crucial to have important contact information readily available. Include the following:


Baby Proof Tools

Childproofing your home is vital, but accidents can still happen when you’re away from familiar surroundings. Pack these essential baby-proofing tools in your kit:

Emergency Supplies

In addition to medical items, it’s essential to have emergency supplies readily available. These can include:

Creating a baby safety kit is an essential step in ensuring your child’s well-being and providing peace of mind for parents. By including first aid supplies, baby medications, emergency contact information, babyproofing tools, and emergency supplies, you can be better prepared to handle unexpected situations. Remember to regularly check and restock your safety kit as your baby grows and their needs change. With a well-prepared baby safety kit, you can face any unforeseen circumstances with confidence and ensure the safety and health of your little one.

Identifying and Preventing Common Household Accidents for Babies

Identifying and Preventing Common Household Accidents for Babies

Dr. Mayra Nieves-Rios, Pediatrician at LBU Oak Cliff


Welcoming a new member to the family is an exhilarating experience. As parents, the safety and well-being of our little ones become our top priority. Creating a safe environment within our homes is essential, especially during the early stages of a baby’s life when they are curious, mobile, and eager to explore their surroundings. Identifying and preventing common household accidents is crucial to ensure the safety of our precious bundles of joy. Let’s talk about the most common household accidents that babies may encounter and provide practical tips on how to prevent them.


As babies start to crawl, stand, and walk, the risk of falls increases significantly. To prevent falls and related injuries, follow these preventive measures:

  1. Secure stairs and doorways with safety gates to restrict access to hazardous areas.
  2. Place safety guards on windows to prevent accidental falls.
  3. Always supervise your baby during playtime, especially on elevated surfaces such as changing tables, beds and sofas.
  4. Use cushioned mats or rugs in play areas to provide a softer landing surface.

Burns and Scalds

Babies are naturally curious and often attracted to hot objects, such as stovetops, irons, or hot beverages. To minimize the risk of burns and scalds:

  1. Set your water heater to a safe temperature to avoid scalding.
  2. Use stove knob covers to prevent accidental burns.
  3. Keep hot beverages away from the edge of tables or countertops.
  4. Ensure pot handles are turned inward when cooking on the stove.


Common household items, such as cleaning products, medications, and plants can pose a significant risk of poisoning to babies. To prevent accidental poisoning:

  1. Store all hazardous substances out of your baby’s reach in locked cabinets.
  2. Use childproof latches on cabinets containing potentially harmful substances.
  3. Keep medications in child-resistant containers and store them in a high, secure location.
  4. Be cautious when using household plants, as some may be toxic. Keep them out of reach or opt for non-toxic alternatives.

Choking and Suffocation

Babies explore their environment through their mouths, making them susceptible to choking hazards. To prevent choking and suffocation incidents:

  1. Regularly inspect your baby’s toys for small parts that could be a choking hazard.
  2. Keep small objects, such as coins, buttons, or batteries, out of your baby’s reach.
  3. Avoid placing pillows, blankets, or stuffed animals in your baby’s crib to reduce the risk of suffocation.
  4. Be cautious with food choices, ensuring they are age-appropriate and cut into small, manageable pieces.

Electrical Hazards

Electrical outlets and cords can be dangerous if not properly managed. To reduce the risk of electrical accidents:

  1. Use outlet covers or safety plugs to cover unused electrical outlets.
  2. Secure loose cords and wires out of your baby’s reach or use cord organizers to keep them tidy.
  3. Unplug appliances when not in use and store them safely.

Creating a safe and secure environment for our babies is an ongoing responsibility. It is important to stay vigilant, adapt to your baby’s developmental stages, and continue learning about safety measures. Remember, a safe home nurtures healthy growth and allows babies to thrive in a secure environment.

Preparing for Your Next Doctor's Appointment: A Guide for Patients

Preparing for Your Next Doctor's Appointment: A Guide for Patients

Dr. Margaret Payne, Pediatric Physician


As a parent, it's natural to want the best for your child's health and well-being. Regular visits to the doctor are an important part of keeping your child healthy, but they can also be stressful and overwhelming, especially if you're not sure what to expect. Preparing for your child's doctor's appointment can help ease your anxieties and make the experience more productive. In this guide, we'll provide you with practical tips and advice to help you prepare for your child's next doctor's appointment.

  1. Make a list of symptoms: Before your appointment, make a list of symptoms that your child are experiencing, including when they started, how often they occur, and how severe they are. This will help your doctor understand your condition and make an accurate diagnosis.
  2. Write down your medical history: Make a list of any medical conditions that you have been diagnosed with in the past, as well as any medications or supplements your child is currently taking. This will help your doctor understand your child’s overall health and how it may affect your child’s current condition.
  3. Bring relevant documents: Bring your child’s shot record and any recent test results or imaging, such as X-rays or MRI’s that are related to your child’s visit and any other relevant medical documents you have.

Did you know: If you do not have a record, you can ask your child’s school for a copy.  Your child’s school keeps a record of all their shots.

  1. Make a list of questions: Make a list of any questions or concerns that you have for your doctor. This will ensure that you don't forget to ask anything that is important to you during the appointment.
  2. Be honest and open: Be honest with your doctor about your child’s symptoms, medical history, and lifestyle habits. This will help them make an accurate diagnosis and develop an effective treatment plan.
  3. Be on time: Arrive on time for your appointment and make sure to schedule the appointment with enough time for you and your doctor to discuss all your concerns.

Remember, a good doctor-patient relationship is one that is open, honest, and built on mutual trust. By preparing for your appointment and being an active participant in your child’s healthcare, you can help establish this kind of relationship and get the most out of your visits with your doctor.