Sports Injuries: Common Foot and Ankle Injuries Among Athletes and Prevention Strategies

Sports Injuries:

Common Foot and Ankle Injuries Among Athletes and Prevention Strategies

Dr. Steven Hoffman, Podiatrist at LBU


Sports injuries are an unfortunate reality that many athletes face during their career. Among the various areas of the body prone to injury, the foot and ankle are particularly vulnerable due to the high levels of stress and impact they endure during athletic activities.

Here are some common foot and ankle injuries such as sprains, fractures, Achilles tendonitis, and stress fractures. Additionally, we will explore prevention strategies and rehabilitation techniques to help athletes recover and prevent future injuries.

Ankle Sprains

Ankle sprains are one of the most prevalent foot and ankle injuries among athletes. They occur when the ligaments surrounding the ankle are stretched or torn due to sudden movements or excessive force. Common causes include landing improperly after a jump, sudden changes in direction, or collisions with other players.


Athletes can reduce the risk of ankle sprains by incorporating balance and proprioception exercises into their training routine. Wearing proper footwear with ankle support and using ankle braces during high-risk activities can also provide added stability.


Rehabilitation for ankle sprains involves the RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation) protocol, followed by exercises to regain strength, flexibility, and range of motion. Physical therapy may be recommended to aid in the recovery process.


Fractures in the foot and ankle can result from high-impact collisions, falls, or repetitive stress on the bones. Stress fractures, specifically, are common in athletes who participate in activities with repetitive motions, such as running or jumping. These injuries often manifest as pain, swelling, and difficulty bearing weight.


Athletes can prevent fractures by wearing appropriate footwear that provides adequate support and cushioning. Ensuring proper technique during sports activities, gradually increasing training intensity, and incorporating rest days into their training schedule are crucial for preventing overuse injuries like stress fractures.


Treatment for fractures typically involves immobilization, either through the use of casts or boots, to allow the bones to heal. Physical therapy is often necessary to regain strength and mobility in the affected area.

Achilles Tendonitis

Achilles tendonitis occurs when the Achilles tendon, which connects the calf muscles to the heel bone, becomes inflamed due to repetitive strain. Athletes who participate in sports that involve running, jumping, or sudden accelerations are more susceptible to this injury. Symptoms include pain, swelling, and stiffness in the back of the ankle.


Athletes can minimize the risk of Achilles tendonitis by gradually increasing the intensity and duration of their activities. Proper warm-up exercises, stretching the calf muscles, and wearing supportive shoes with adequate heel cushioning are essential preventive measures.


Treatment for Achilles tendonitis often includes a combination of rest, ice, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to reduce inflammation. Physical therapy plays a crucial role in strengthening the calf muscles, improving flexibility, and gradually reintroducing activities.

Foot and ankle injuries are common among athletes, but with the right prevention strategies and rehabilitation techniques, athletes can minimize the risk of injury and optimize their recovery. By incorporating appropriate warm-up routines, wearing supportive footwear, and listening to their bodies, athletes can maintain their performance levels while reducing the chances of foot and ankle injuries. If an injury does occur, seeking prompt medical attention and following a comprehensive rehabilitation plan will facilitate a safe return to sports activities. Remember, taking care of your feet and ankles is vital for long-term athletic success and overall well-being.


To understand your feet a little better, make an appointment with our podiatry department by calling (214) 540-0300.

Sun safety: How to protect your skin from harmful UV rays

Sun safety: How to protect your skin from harmful UV rays.

As the weather starts to warm up and the sun shines brighter, it's important to remember to protect your skin from harmful UV rays. Sun exposure can cause a range of skin problems, including sunburn, premature aging, and an increased risk of skin cancer. In this blog, we'll discuss the importance of sun safety and provide tips on how to protect your skin from the sun.

Why is sun safety important?

Sun safety is important for several reasons. Firstly, UV rays can cause sunburn, which can be painful and cause long-term damage to the skin. Sunburn also increases your risk of developing skin cancer. Secondly, UV rays can cause premature aging, including wrinkles, fine lines, and age spots. Lastly, prolonged sun exposure can also cause eye damage and increase your risk of developing cataracts.

How to protect your skin from the sun

  1. Wear protective clothing

One of the best ways to protect your skin from the sun is to wear protective clothing. This includes long-sleeved shirts, hats with wide brims, and sunglasses with UV protection. Dark-colored clothing with a tight weave can also provide additional protection.

  1. Apply sunscreen

Another important way to protect your skin is to apply sunscreen. Choose a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30, and apply it liberally to all exposed skin. Be sure to reapply every two hours, or more frequently if you're sweating or swimming.

  1. Seek shade

When possible, seek shade to avoid direct sun exposure during peak hours of 10 am to 4 pm. If you're outdoors, look for a shaded area or bring an umbrella to provide shade.

  1. Stay hydrated

Drinking enough water can also help protect your skin from sun damage. Dehydration can make your skin more susceptible to damage, so make sure to drink plenty of water throughout the day.

  1. Avoid the Sun

Avoid the Sun between 11 a.m. and 3 p.m.

  1. Check your skin regularly

Regularly checking your skin for any changes or abnormalities is important for detecting skin cancer early. If you notice any changes in your skin, such as new moles or changes in existing moles, see a dermatologist.

In conclusion, protecting your skin from the sun is crucial for good health. Wear protective clothing, apply sunscreen, seek shade, stay hydrated, and check your skin regularly for any abnormalities. By following these tips, you can enjoy the sun safely and maintain healthy, beautiful skin for years to come.